A report titled “A New Statistical System for the European Union,” author Andreas V Georgiou discusses the current nature of European statistical generation. The report is published by indepdent, economic Think Tank Bruegel.

Georgiou cites Greek’s failure to adequately report debt levels during the financial crisis as an example of why Federalist statistical reporting measures are needed in the EU. In addition to different collection structures, the EU needs rigorous data tracking and more datasets to account for new economic indicators.

The report begins with a look at the current expenditures of the EU’s economic data gathering across the 28 members States. In 2015, it is estimated that gathering efforts cost 2.8 Billion EUR and required 43,500 staff.

The second part of the report applies the theoretical frameworks of Federalism and the theory of statistics as a Federal public good. Georgiou argues that local levels of Governments have a lesser incentive than the Federal body to facilitate rigorous data collection. Matching grants for local areas to complete data might not be the best incentive to fund data collection efforts. 

The author proposes a new European Statistic system that has a number of checks around the quality of statistics, the uniformity of how those statistics are presented, and the better integration of statistical innovation and collection technologies. It is proposed that national statistical institutes would become the European Statistical Institute (ESS), a Federal organization, which ultimately would not be part of the EU policymaking structures.

The final section of the report delves into institutional and legal issues of ESS integration. Specific issues include establishing areas of governance where the EU would be responsible for as opposed to areas where members States would be responsible for.